Villa of Livia now open to the public

Restored on 2,000th anniversary of emperor’s death
 (foto: ANSA)


(ANSA) – Rome, September 12 – The Villa of Livia, home of the beloved wife and trusted adviser of the Emperor Augustus, has opened its doors to the public after being partially restored to its former splendor on the occasion of the 2,000-year anniversary of the emperor’s death in 14 BC.
"It was the imperial family’s place of rest and relaxation," explained Rome Archeology Superintendent Mariarosaria Barbera of the villa on in the Prima Porta suburb on the outskirts of Rome, which Livia Drusilla (37 BC-14 AD) made her domain after becoming Augustus’ third wife.
Legend has it that Augustus fell in love with Livia at first sight, while he was still married to his second wife, Scribonia, and she was married and six months pregnant.
Augustus divorced his wife, and persuaded Livia’s husband to divorce as well.
The couple married three days after she delivered a son, waiving the traditional waiting period, and remained married for the next 51 years.
The emperor was often on hand to visit Livia at the lovely villa whose famous illusionistic fresco of a garden view, in which all the plants and trees flower and fruit at once, has been removed and is on view in Rome’s Palazzo Massimo. The villa’s alternating mix of architectural and cultivated areas, open and enclosed spaces, would later become the model for Renaissance villas and can still be experienced in its sequence of rooms with sky-blue painted ceilings opening onto an internal garden where Livia grew her famous yellow daisies, fig trees, and herbs for her husband’s tisanes, while hallways decorated in black and white geometric mosaics lead to the thermal baths and the guest rooms, their walls frescoed in Pompeian red.
On the vast terrace overlooking Rome in the distance, restorers have placed 90 potted laurels, for Livia’s villa was famed in antiquity for its laurel grove.
At least a third of the villa remains to be excavated, but funds have run out, officials said.

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700bc-phoenician-shipwreck-find

http://www.independent.com.mt/articles/2014-08-25/news/government-announces-700bc-phoenician-shipwreck-find-6334119936/

 

Justice and Culture Minister Owen Bonnici this morning said that a Phoenician ship has been located in the central Mediterranean, describing it as a historic event.

The shipwreck is at a depth of 120 metres and is located one mile off the coast of Gozo. It dates back to 700BC.

Dr Bonnici said the boat was most probably around 50 feet long and it could also be the oldest shipwreck in the Mediterranean.

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Le buste en marbre de l’Empereur romain Marc Aurèle (Marcus Aurelius)

Le buste en marbre de l’Empereur romain Marc Aurèle (Marcus Aurelius) avait été dérobé, en 1996, en même temps que huit autres pièces archéologiques, au Musée de Skikda en Algérie. La cérémonie de restitution de la sculpture en marbre, représentant le buste de l’Empereur romain Marcus Aurelius, dont le vol a été signalé par le Musée de Skikda le 22 décembre 1996, s’est déroulée en présence de l’Ambassadeur d’Algérie aux Etats-Unis, M. Amine Kherbi, de représentants de plusieurs départements ministériels et d’organismes compétents américains, dont le Homeland Security, le Département d’Etat, Interpol, les services de l’immigration et des douanes (US Immigration And Customs Enforcement) ainsi que de responsables de la communauté algérienne du Grand Washington et du représentant de l’Amérique du Nord- Asie-Océanie à l’APN.

Marc Aurèle était un Empereur romain (161-180 après Jésus Christ) et un philosophe stoïcien, né le 26 avril 121, à Rome, et mort le 17 mars 180, au cours d’une bataille à Vindobona (aujourd’hui Vienne, la capitale autrichienne), lit-on dans une des ses biographies. Les autorités algériennes, rappelle-t-on, avaient saisi, début 1997, les services d’Interpol pour le vol de la statue de l’Empereur Marc Aurèle (2eme siècle après J.C), donnant suite à la plainte déposée, en décembre 1996, par le Musée de Skikda, en leur fournissant les informations et références adéquates. Le buste était répertorié au Musée de Skikda sous le numéro 811. Le 16 mars 2004, la trace du buste de l’Empereur romain a été retrouvée à New York. Le 2 juin 2004, la société britannique « The Art Loss Registry », spécialisée dans la recherche des oeuvres d’art, antiquités et objets de valeurs volés, a procédé à l’identification du buste de l’Empereur Marc Aurèle. Cette information a été immédiatement transmise au bureau Interpol de Washington. A son tour la représentation diplomatique algérienne aux Etats-Unis chargera son avocat conseil de suivre l’affaire auprès des autorités américaines qui ont entamé la procédure légale visant à consacrer le droit de propriété de l’Algérie sur la sculpture.

Archéologie 1500 ans d’histoire d’Alger dévoilés à la Place des Martyrs

Des vestiges archéologiques datés du 5e siècle, pour les plus anciens, ont été mis au jour dans le site de fouilles préventives sous l’actuelle Place des Martyrs, emplacement de la future station- musée du métro d’Alger.
Les pavements en mosaïque polychrome de d’une basilique fonctionnelle jusqu’à la fin du 5e siècle sont aujourd’hui dégagés et visibles sur les lieux de fouilles, objet d’une visite d’inspection de la ministre de la Culture, Khalida Toumi, et du wali d’Alger Abdelkader Zoukh.

Entamées en juin 2013, ces fouilles ont également permis de découvrir une vaste nécropole byzantine remontant au 7e siècle ainsi que les vestiges d’un quartier d’artisans forgerons du 12/13e siècle, rasé en 1832 par l’administration coloniale pour ériger la Place du Gouvernement, devenue Place des Martyrs après l’indépendance.

Sur ce site de plus 3.200 m2, les équipes du Centre national de recherches archéologiques (CNRA) et de l’Institut national des recherches archéologiques préventives (INRAP, France) ont découvert les restes démolis de la salle de prière, la cour intérieure et la base du minaret de la mosquée « El Sayida», (antérieure au 16e siècle), elle aussi rasée en 1832. Jouxtant la salle de prière de cette mosquée, d’autres ateliers de ferronnerie, les dallages et trottoirs d’une ancienne voie romaine ainsi que le sol carrelé de «Beyt el Mal» (siège du Trésor publique) dont une partie seulement a été mise au jour.

Ce site devrait contenir, selon les résultats d’une opération de sondage menée sur le terrain de 2009 à 2013, plus de «2000 ans d’histoire d’Alger» enfouis et superposés, remontant jusqu’à 50 ans avant notre ère à l’époque hellénistique de Juba II», a estimé le chef de projet INRAP, François Souq. Les vestiges découverts étaient enfouis à une profondeur de trois mètres, alors que les sondages révèlent que des vestiges se trouveraient jusqu’à «sept mètres de profondeur», a précisé l’archéologue français. Entamées en juin 2013, les fouilles devraient prendre fin en mars 2015» pour laisser place au «travail d’analyse, d’édition et d’habilitation muséale», a indiqué Farid Ighilahriz, directeur du CNRA.

Selon un responsable du métro d’Alger, Tayeb Haouchine, la mise en service de la station-musée de la Place des Martyrs et la livraison de l’espace muséal, devraient intervenir en 2017. Ce concept de station-musée a été inspiré des expériences italienne et surtout grecque: la municipalité d’Athènes, par exemple, avait construit en 2004 une station-musée pour abriter 10.000 pièces d’antiquité découverte sur le tracé de la ligne du métro dans cette ville. 

source: La voix de l’Oranie

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Iran: Archeologists Discover Oldest Known Version of Qur’an

scroll

 

Bandar Abbas| A team of archaeologists excavating the site of an early Islamic sect’s shrine, discovered a bundle of scrolls made of sheepskin, that could contain the oldest Muslim religious texts ever found. According to P.D. Ali Firuzeh, director of the team in charge of the site, the parchments hold a version in the Persian language, of the verses of the Sura Iqra written during the first decade of the Hijra. The writings would have miraculously survived the destruction of  the variant copies of the Qur’an that followed the canonization of the sacred book, a process that ended under the third caliph, Uthman ibn Affan in 653 AD.

The scrolls hold what seems like a new and slightly different version of the 96th sura or chapter of the Qur’an, believed to have been revealed to Muhammad by God through the Archangel Gabriel at Mecca, in the cave known as Hira, thus beginning the revelation of the Qur’an. One of the most important variations is the choice of language, that suggest it was written before it was decreed by the Caliphat that prayer was to be recited only in Arabic. Therefore, Allah is clearly and repetitively named “Khoda”, a Persian word meaning “Lord” or “Master”, that was also used at the time to describe the Zoroastrian god Ahura Mazda. The text is associated with a group of early followers of the prophet who would have migrated to Persia and put in writing the teaching of Muhammad to spread his word and convert the local Zoroastrians.

According to traditional history, Muhammad sent some of his followers to Abyssinia to escape persecution, just before he and his followers in Mecca migrated to Medina, a migration known as the Hijra that marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar. Some evidence found on this new dig site, suggests that some of his followers also went to Persia, where they would have founded a religious community called the Berguzadeguan Khoda or “God’s Chosen ones”. The group was exterminated a few years later, in 651 AD (or year 29 of the Hijri calendar) by the expanding Rashidun Caliphate, after it annexed western Iran. The scrolls however, remained hidden in a decorated pottery jar that was kept in the organization’s secret lair, where they were left in peace for more than 1300 years.

The team of archaeologists who made the discovery, are part of a group of Iranian scientists and historians working for the British Institute of Persian Studies, that proceeded to various excavations around Bandar-Abbas to study some structures from the Sasanian era. The shrine of this previously unknown religious group is for now, the most surprising discovery they made, bringing forward a completely new perception of the early Islamic history.

so, what do you think ?

 

Bandar Abbas| A team of archaeologists excavating the site of an early Islamic sect’s shrine, discovered a bundle of scrolls made of sheepskin, that could contain the oldest Muslim religious texts ever found. According to P.D. Ali Firuzeh, director of the team in charge of the site, the parchments hold a version in the Persian language, of the verses of the Sura Iqra written during the first decade of the Hijra. The writings would have miraculously survived the destruction of  the variant copies of the Qur’an that followed the canonization of the sacred book, a process that ended under the third caliph, Uthman ibn Affan in 653 AD.

The scrolls hold what seems like a new and slightly different version of the 96th sura or chapter of the Qur’an, believed to have been revealed to Muhammad by God through the Archangel Gabriel at Mecca, in the cave known as Hira, thus beginning the revelation of the Qur’an. One of the most important variations is the choice of language, that suggest it was written before it was decreed by the Caliphat that prayer was to be recited only in Arabic. Therefore, Allah is clearly and repetitively named “Khoda”, a Persian word meaning “Lord” or “Master”, that was also used at the time to describe the Zoroastrian god Ahura Mazda. The text is associated with a group of early followers of the prophet who would have migrated to Persia and put in writing the teaching of Muhammad to spread his word and convert the local Zoroastrians.

According to traditional history, Muhammad sent some of his followers to Abyssinia to escape persecution, just before he and his followers in Mecca migrated to Medina, a migration known as the Hijra that marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar. Some evidence found on this new dig site, suggests that some of his followers also went to Persia, where they would have founded a religious community called the Berguzadeguan Khoda or “God’s Chosen ones”. The group was exterminated a few years later, in 651 AD (or year 29 of the Hijri calendar) by the expanding Rashidun Caliphate, after it annexed western Iran. The scrolls however, remained hidden in a decorated pottery jar that was kept in the organization’s secret lair, where they were left in peace for more than 1300 years.

The team of archaeologists who made the discovery, are part of a group of Iranian scientists and historians working for the British Institute of Persian Studies, that proceeded to various excavations around Bandar-Abbas to study some structures from the Sasanian era. The shrine of this previously unknown religious group is for now, the most surprising discovery they made, bringing forward a completely new perception of the early Islamic history.

- See more at: http://worldnewsdailyreport.com/iran-archeologists-discover-oldest-known-version-of-quran/#sthash.scdjvlnf.dpuf

Bandar Abbas| A team of archaeologists excavating the site of an early Islamic sect’s shrine, discovered a bundle of scrolls made of sheepskin, that could contain the oldest Muslim religious texts ever found. According to P.D. Ali Firuzeh, director of the team in charge of the site, the parchments hold a version in the Persian language, of the verses of the Sura Iqra written during the first decade of the Hijra. The writings would have miraculously survived the destruction of  the variant copies of the Qur’an that followed the canonization of the sacred book, a process that ended under the third caliph, Uthman ibn Affan in 653 AD.

The scrolls hold what seems like a new and slightly different version of the 96th sura or chapter of the Qur’an, believed to have been revealed to Muhammad by God through the Archangel Gabriel at Mecca, in the cave known as Hira, thus beginning the revelation of the Qur’an. One of the most important variations is the choice of language, that suggest it was written before it was decreed by the Caliphat that prayer was to be recited only in Arabic. Therefore, Allah is clearly and repetitively named “Khoda”, a Persian word meaning “Lord” or “Master”, that was also used at the time to describe the Zoroastrian god Ahura Mazda. The text is associated with a group of early followers of the prophet who would have migrated to Persia and put in writing the teaching of Muhammad to spread his word and convert the local Zoroastrians.

According to traditional history, Muhammad sent some of his followers to Abyssinia to escape persecution, just before he and his followers in Mecca migrated to Medina, a migration known as the Hijra that marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar. Some evidence found on this new dig site, suggests that some of his followers also went to Persia, where they would have founded a religious community called the Berguzadeguan Khoda or “God’s Chosen ones”. The group was exterminated a few years later, in 651 AD (or year 29 of the Hijri calendar) by the expanding Rashidun Caliphate, after it annexed western Iran. The scrolls however, remained hidden in a decorated pottery jar that was kept in the organization’s secret lair, where they were left in peace for more than 1300 years.

The team of archaeologists who made the discovery, are part of a group of Iranian scientists and historians working for the British Institute of Persian Studies, that proceeded to various excavations around Bandar-Abbas to study some structures from the Sasanian era. The shrine of this previously unknown religious group is for now, the most surprising discovery they made, bringing forward a completely new perception of the early Islamic history.

- See more at: http://worldnewsdailyreport.com/iran-archeologists-discover-oldest-known-version-of-quran/#sthash.scdjvlnf.dpuf

Bandar Abbas| A team of archaeologists excavating the site of an early Islamic sect’s shrine, discovered a bundle of scrolls made of sheepskin, that could contain the oldest Muslim religious texts ever found. According to P.D. Ali Firuzeh, director of the team in charge of the site, the parchments hold a version in the Persian language, of the verses of the Sura Iqra written during the first decade of the Hijra. The writings would have miraculously survived the destruction of  the variant copies of the Qur’an that followed the canonization of the sacred book, a process that ended under the third caliph, Uthman ibn Affan in 653 AD.

The scrolls hold what seems like a new and slightly different version of the 96th sura or chapter of the Qur’an, believed to have been revealed to Muhammad by God through the Archangel Gabriel at Mecca, in the cave known as Hira, thus beginning the revelation of the Qur’an. One of the most important variations is the choice of language, that suggest it was written before it was decreed by the Caliphat that prayer was to be recited only in Arabic. Therefore, Allah is clearly and repetitively named “Khoda”, a Persian word meaning “Lord” or “Master”, that was also used at the time to describe the Zoroastrian god Ahura Mazda. The text is associated with a group of early followers of the prophet who would have migrated to Persia and put in writing the teaching of Muhammad to spread his word and convert the local Zoroastrians.

According to traditional history, Muhammad sent some of his followers to Abyssinia to escape persecution, just before he and his followers in Mecca migrated to Medina, a migration known as the Hijra that marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar. Some evidence found on this new dig site, suggests that some of his followers also went to Persia, where they would have founded a religious community called the Berguzadeguan Khoda or “God’s Chosen ones”. The group was exterminated a few years later, in 651 AD (or year 29 of the Hijri calendar) by the expanding Rashidun Caliphate, after it annexed western Iran. The scrolls however, remained hidden in a decorated pottery jar that was kept in the organization’s secret lair, where they were left in peace for more than 1300 years.

The team of archaeologists who made the discovery, are part of a group of Iranian scientists and historians working for the British Institute of Persian Studies, that proceeded to various excavations around Bandar-Abbas to study some structures from the Sasanian era. The shrine of this previously unknown religious group is for now, the most surprising discovery they made, bringing forward a completely new perception of the early Islamic history.

- See more at: http://worldnewsdailyreport.com/iran-archeologists-discover-oldest-known-version-of-quran/#sthash.scdjvlnf.dpuf

Bandar Abbas| A team of archaeologists excavating the site of an early Islamic sect’s shrine, discovered a bundle of scrolls made of sheepskin, that could contain the oldest Muslim religious texts ever found. According to P.D. Ali Firuzeh, director of the team in charge of the site, the parchments hold a version in the Persian language, of the verses of the Sura Iqra written during the first decade of the Hijra. The writings would have miraculously survived the destruction of  the variant copies of the Qur’an that followed the canonization of the sacred book, a process that ended under the third caliph, Uthman ibn Affan in 653 AD.

The scrolls hold what seems like a new and slightly different version of the 96th sura or chapter of the Qur’an, believed to have been revealed to Muhammad by God through the Archangel Gabriel at Mecca, in the cave known as Hira, thus beginning the revelation of the Qur’an. One of the most important variations is the choice of language, that suggest it was written before it was decreed by the Caliphat that prayer was to be recited only in Arabic. Therefore, Allah is clearly and repetitively named “Khoda”, a Persian word meaning “Lord” or “Master”, that was also used at the time to describe the Zoroastrian god Ahura Mazda. The text is associated with a group of early followers of the prophet who would have migrated to Persia and put in writing the teaching of Muhammad to spread his word and convert the local Zoroastrians.

According to traditional history, Muhammad sent some of his followers to Abyssinia to escape persecution, just before he and his followers in Mecca migrated to Medina, a migration known as the Hijra that marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar. Some evidence found on this new dig site, suggests that some of his followers also went to Persia, where they would have founded a religious community called the Berguzadeguan Khoda or “God’s Chosen ones”. The group was exterminated a few years later, in 651 AD (or year 29 of the Hijri calendar) by the expanding Rashidun Caliphate, after it annexed western Iran. The scrolls however, remained hidden in a decorated pottery jar that was kept in the organization’s secret lair, where they were left in peace for more than 1300 years.

The team of archaeologists who made the discovery, are part of a group of Iranian scientists and historians working for the British Institute of Persian Studies, that proceeded to various excavations around Bandar-Abbas to study some structures from the Sasanian era. The shrine of this previously unknown religious group is for now, the most surprising discovery they made, bringing forward a completely new perception of the early Islamic history.

- See more at: http://worldnewsdailyreport.com/iran-archeologists-discover-oldest-known-version-of-quran/#sthash.scdjvlnf.dpuf

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Canales romanos de Las Medulas

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Italy: Excavation of Imperial Forum funded by Azerbaijan

Imperial Forum, Rome

The government of Azerbaijan has reportedly donated 1 million euros (£790,000) to the Italian capital, Rome, so it can begin excavating the city’s Imperial Forum.

The plans, spearheaded by Rome Mayor Ignazio Marino, are to eventually create an archaeological park in the middle of the city by linking the Imperial Forum to other Roman forums built by the emperors Augustus, Caesar, Trajan and Nerva, the Ansa news agency reports.

The donation from Azerbaijan would fund the first phase of the project – digging for artefacts under pedestrian street Via Alessandrina – and connect the Imperial Forum to Trajan’s Forum for the first time. "We believe we’ll find sculptures and key architectural fragments," says city archaeology suprtintendent Claudio Parisi Presicce. Meanwhile, the city will continue fundraising and the mayor says he is in contact with Italian and international philanthropists.

Mayor Marino has made it a priority to preserve Rome’s ancient heritage, and last year he restricted traffic on Via dei Fori Imperiali – a road running from the Imperial Forum to the Colliseum. This year it will be off-limits to cars between 28 June and 31 August.

BBC.

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